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HISTORY OF TOYS AND GAMES

There is an interesting story behind every toy and game. Sometimes the story is as entertaining as the toy itself! These stories include how some toys were invented, how others got their names, and fun facts to enjoy.
INVENTION                       INVENTOR                     YEAR
Barbie Doll
Beanie Babies
Cabbage Patch Kids
Clue
Crayons
Easy-Bake Oven
Erector Set
Etch A Sketch
Frisbee
The Game of Life
Hula Hoop

JD Batball
Jigsaw Puzzle
LeapFrog
LEGO
Lincoln Logs

Lionel Trains
Magic Sponge Blocks
Magnavox Odyssey

Monopoly

Mr. Potato Head
Multiplication Madness
PEZ Candy

Play-Doh
Pong Video Game
Rubik's Cube
Schwinn bicycles
SCRABBLE

Silly Putty
SIMON game
Slinky
SuperBall
Teddy Bear
Tinkertoy
Teletubbies
Trampoline
Trivial Pursuit
Video Game
Yahtzee
Yo-Yo
Ruth Handler
H Ty Warner
Xavier Roberts
Anthony E. Pratt
Binney & Smith
Kenner Products
A.C. Gilbert 
Arthur Granjean
Walter Frederick Morrison
Reuben Klamer
Richard P. Knerr

Jacob Dunnack
John Spilsbury
Michael Wood

Ole Kirk Christiansen
John Lloyd Wright

Joshua Lionel Cowen
Taylor Hernandez
Ralph Baer

Charles Darrow

George Lerner 
Jennifer Tuttle
Eduard Haas III
Noah and Josepth McVicker
Nolan Bushnell
Erno Rubik
Ignaz Schwinn & Adolph Arnold
Alfred Butts 

Peter Hodgson & James Wright
Ralph Baer
Richard James
Norman Stringley
Morris Michtom
Charles Pajeau
Anne Wood and Andrew Davenport
George Nissen
Chris Haney and Scott Abbott
William Higinbotham
Edwin S. Lowe
Donald Duncan
1959
1993
1983
1944
1903
1963
1913
1959
1950
1960
1958

2000
1767
1995
1949
1916
1901
2005
1872

1935
1952
2006
1927
1956
1972
1974
1895
1948

1943
1977
1945
1965
1902
1914
1947
1935
1979
1958
1956
1928

TO LEARN MORE

ON THE BOOKSHELF:
American Tin-Litho Toys
by Lisa Kerr / Paperback: 144 pages / Collectors Press; (November 1, 1995)

Tin-lithographed toys have enjoyed tremendous popularity among collectors. Banks, wind-up toys, tea sets and sand pails are but a few of the playthings produced from the 1920s to the 1960s.
Dr. Toy's Smart Play : How To Raise A Child With a High PQ (Play Quotient)
by Stevanne Auerbach, Dr. Toy / Paperback: 288 pages / St. Martin's Griffin; (January 15, 1998)
Stevanne Auerbach, Ph.D., more affectionately known as Dr. Toy has dedicated a lifetime to the importance of play and gives you specific advice on which toys to buy and what kind of games to play to emplower your child's overall development.

F.A.O. Schwarz: Toys for a Lifetime: Enchancing Childhood Through Play (Limited availability)
by Stevanne Auerbach, Ben Asen  / Hardcover: 144 pages / Universe Books;   (November 1999)

Ever wonder why you loved that one perfect toy? Searching for an age-old classic to satisfy your wee one? Each chapter features a handful of classics, detailing history, safety, and more.
The Game Makers: The Story of Parker Brothers, from Tiddledy Winks to Trivial Pursuit
by Philip E. Orbanes / Hardcover: 256 pages / Harvard Business School Press; (November 14, 2003)
The Monopoly game, Trivial Pursuit, Clue, Boggle, and Risk are more than games-they're part of Americana. All of these games were published by one company, Parker Brothers, which began as a dream inside the mind of a sixteen-year-old boy, over one hundred years ago.
The History of Toys: From Spinning Tops to Robots
by Deborah Jaffe / Hardcover: 288 pages / Sutton Publishing (September 25, 2006)
Remarkably, through history, some toys have changed very little.The baby walker can be traced back to the eleventh century.In this appealing and well-illustrated book, Deborah Jaffe takes us on a nostalgic exploration of toys through the ages.

Kid Stuff: Great Toys from Our Childhood
by David Hoffman, Viktor Budnik (Photographer) / Paperback - 108 pages (1996) / Chronicle Books
Ever wonder if Barbie had a last name? (It's Roberts.) Who invented Lincoln Logs? (John L. Wright, son of Frank Lloyd Wright.) Filled with a host of curious facts and little-known anecdotes about the creation of dozens of timeless toys and games, Kid Stuff is a celebration of classic playthings, mostly from the 1940s throught the 1960s, that are still popular today.

Oxford History of Board Games
by David Parlett / Hardcover: 352 pages / Oxford University Press; (May 1999)

Here are the origins and development of our favorite games, from the Egyptian and Asian ancestors of Chess, Checkers, and Backgammon, to the invention of such modern classics as Monopoly, Clue, and Scrabble.

Timeless Toys : Classic Toys and the Playmakers Who Created Them
by Tim Walsh  / Hardcover: 320 pages / Publisher: Andrews McMeel Publishing (October 1, 2005)
Timeless Toys represents one of the finest documentaries and displays of modern toys ever written. Author Tim Walsh, a successful toy inventor himself, reveals a world of commerce, toys, and wonder that is equally fun, fascinating, and nostalgic.
Toys!: Amazing Stories Behind Some Great Inventions
by Don L. Wulffson, Laurie Keller  / Hardcover - 128 pages (2000) / Henry Holt & Company
The quirky tales behind more than two dozen novelties, gadgets and games, from seesaws to Silly Putty and toy soldiers to Trivial Pursuit.

The Ultimate History of Video Games: From Pong to Pokemon
by Steve L. Kent / Paperback: 624 pages / Prima Publishing (September 6, 2001)

In this rollicking, mammoth history of video games from pinball to Pong to Playstation II Kent, a technology journalist and self-professed video game addict, covers almost every conceivable aspect of the industry, from the technological leaps that made the games possible to the corporate power struggles that won (and lost) billions of dollars.


ON THE SCREEN:
 History of Toys and Games
DVD / 1 Volume Set / 100 Minutes / The History Channel / Less than $30.00
As long as there have been children, there have been toys. And from wooden tops to virtual reality, America has always taken its playthings pretty seriously. Hear the fascinating stories of the young-at-heart inventors who created some of the most famous games and toys of all time, and meet the people who play for a living, trying to anticipate what kids will fall for next holiday season.
Video Games: Behind the Fun
DVD / 1 Volume Set / 50 Minutes / History Channel / Less than $25.00
First there was Pong. Then came Asteroids, and Pac Man, and Nintendo. At every stage of their development, Video games have pushed the limits of computing power.


ON THE WEB:

Construction Toy Homepage
This site is devoted to vintage construction toys of all types. This site is intended for the enjoyment of its visitors and has no connection with any commercial firm.
(URL: www.chem.sunysb.edu/msl/lego/homepage.html
)
DR. TOY'S
Dr. Toy provides children, parents, teachers, grandparents and other adults with important year-round information about the Dr. Toy award winning products.
(URL: www.drtoy.orgl)

Game Developers Network
GameDev.net has emerged as the leading online community for game developers of all levels, from the green beginner to the seasoned industry veteran. Take advantage of their frequently updated developer news, thousands of articles and other resources, amazingly active forums, and most importantly to be a part of the growning international community of game developers.
(URL: www.gamedev.net/)

GameSpy
GameSpy is the leading online entertainment and technology company that delivers live multiplayer gaming and editorial content to consumers worldwide
. This site has lots of COOKIES.
(URL: www.gamespy.com/)
History Channel - Toys & Games
Discover the origins of your favorite toys and games, from chess and checkers to Barbie and AtariSite includes inventor stories and a timline.
(URL: www.historychannel.com/exhibits/toys/)
 Kenner Products
In 1947, Kenner Products is formed in Cincinnati, Ohio, by the Steiner brothers, Albert, Philip and Joseph. The company is named after its original office location on Kenner Street.
(URL: www.kennertoys.com/history.html)
Museum of Advertising Icons
This Museum has over 650 nostalgic collectibles, with photos, histories and of course Mr. Peanut.
(URL: www.toymuseum.com)

The National Toy Hall of Fame

Discover the fascinating stories behind some of America's most celebrated toys at the National Toy Hall of Fame.
(URL: www.strongmuseum.org/NTHoF/NTHoF.html)

Toy Industry Association
Toy Industry Association, Inc. (TIA™), founded in 1916, is the national New York City-based trade association for U.S. producers and importers of toys, games and children's entertainment products.
(URL:  www.toy-tia.org/
)
The Virtual Marx Museum
Because we love our toys and are obsessed with Marx Toy history, we have established this "cyber" museum to present and exchange toy pictures and information.
(URL: www.marxmuseum.com/pages/544077/index.htm)

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