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Fascinating facts about the invention of the
Cotton Gin
by Eli Whitney in 1793

COTTON GIN
 
AT A GLANCE:
Eli Whitney having newly graduated from Yale University headed to Georgia to make his fortune. By April, 1793 Whitney had invented the cotton gin. After the invention of the cotton gin, the yield of raw cotton doubled each decade after 1800. Demand was fueled by other inventions of the Industrial Revolution, such as the machines to spin and weave it and the steamboat to transport it. By midcentury America was growing three-quarters of the world's supply of cotton, most of it shipped to England or New England where it was manufactured into cloth.
Invention: Cotton Gin in 1793
Cotton gin photo from the Smithsonian Historical Instutute
Function: noun /  cotton gin
Definition: The cotton gin is a mechanical device which removes the seeds, seed hulls, and other small objects from the fibers of cotton, a process which until that time had been very labor-intensive.
Patent: X72 (US) issued March 14, 1794
Inventor: Eli Whitney (born Elias Whitney)
Eli Whitney portrait derived from public domain
Criteria: First to invent. First to patent. First practical. Entrepreneur.
Birth: December 8, 1765 in Westborough, Massachusetts
Death: January 8, 1825 in New Haven, Connecticut)
Nationality: American

TO LEARN MORE

RELATED INFORMATION:
Eli Whitney Biography   from The Great Idea Finder
Agricultural History   from The Great Idea Finder
Controversial Inventions   from The Great Idea Finder
Historic Patents 1790 - 1836   from The Great Idea Finder

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Reference Sources in BOLD Type. This page revised January 5, 2006.
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