facts about the invention of the Hot Air Balloon
Joseph and Jacques Montgolfier in
|Since the dawn of time,
humans have been intrigued by the mystery of flight and the apparent magic that allows
birds to take to the air and soar for hours. Attempts to copy birds by building wings that
could be flapped by attaching them to the arms failed consistently through the years, and
it wasn't until these methods were abandoned that ultimate success was achieved.
|In 1766 in England, Henry Cavendish isolated
hydrogen, the simplest of elements and the lightest of gases. Since it was lighter than
air, he described it as having "negative weight" and proposed that it could be
used to lift objects from the Earth, but be apparently didn't pursue the idea.
In 1782 in
France, Joseph Michel Montgolfier filled a silk bag with hot air which, being less dense
than the air around it, lifted the bag to the high ceiling of his house. On April 25,
1783, Joseph and his brother Jacques Etienne built a larger, spherical bag, filled it with
hot air from a fire and sent several farm animals aloft in a basket hung beneath it.After
this success, they created an even larger envelope, and on November 21, 1783
in the Bois de Boulogne in Paris the brothers launched a 70-foot high
balloon carrying Jean Francois Piltre de Rozier and the Marquis d’Artandes.
|The two men were lifted
to 3000 feet, becoming the first humans to experience sustained flight. They
remained aloft for 25 minutes and traveled five miles, controlling their own
flight by adding straw to the fire. When this accomplishment was widely
publicized, the human-carrying balloon evolved quickly. On December 1, 1783,
in Paris, Jacques Charles and Noel Roberts flew 27 miles in the first
flight of a hydrogen filled balloon. Elizabeth Thible, the first woman to
fly in a balloon, went aloft at Lyons, France, on June 4, 1784. The first
British-designed balloon was flown by its builder, James Satler, on October
4, 1784, and the first balloon flight in the United States was conducted by
Frenchman Jean-Pierre Blanchard at Philadelphia on January 9, 1793.
Blanchard and the American Dr. John Jeffries had been the first humans to
fly across the English Channel, on January 7, 1785. (In that same year,
Blanchard invented, and first used, the parachute.)
Transportation History from The Great Idea Finder
ON THE BOOKSHELF:
That Shaped World History
by Bill Yenne, Morton, Dr. Grosser (Editor) / Paperback - 112 pages (1983) / Bluewood Books
This book contains inventions from all around the world from microchips to fire. This is a
really good book if you are going to do research on inventions.
Kid Who Invented the Popsicle : And Other Surprising Stories About Inventions
by Don L. Wulffson / Paperback - 128 pages (1999) / Puffin
Brief factual stories about how various familiar things were invented, many by accident,
from animal crackers to the zipper.
Flying in a Hot Air Balloon
by Cheryl Walsh Bellville (Photographer) / Library Binding - 48 pages (1993) / Carolrhoda
Bellville's clear color photographs and informative text chronicle the process of hot air
ballooning, from transporting the large, wicker gondola, through inflating the envelope of
the balloon to thel anding.
The Amazing Air Balloon
by Jean Van Leeuwen, Marco Ventura / Library Binding: 32 pages Dial Books;
On June 24, 1784, in Baltimore, 13-year-old Edward Warren became the first
person in America to go up in a hot-air balloon. In this picture book, Van
Leeuwen lets the boy tell his own story, which focuses more on his passion
for flight than on the significance of this moment in aviation history.
ON THE WEB:
Hot Air Balloon Festival
Team US Nationals and Air Show of Battle Creek.
Exploratorium Learning Studio, history page by Paul Jordan.
Hot Air Balloon
A VRML 2.0 version balloon simulator presented by the Virtual Reality Lab, University of
First Zeppelin Flight
On July 2nd, in the year 1900, The people of Friedrichshafen, Germany came out to
witness a momentous occasion. For two years a huge floating building had been anchored on
lake Bodensee and in this building, the local Count, Ferdinand von Zeppelin had been
spending all his time and resources with a small band of engineers and builders.
Ballooning Links Page
Hundreds of links to ecerything Ballooning, where to find a flight, where to find a
festival and more.
History of the Hot Air Balloon
Joseph and Jacques Montgolfier developed their first hot-air balloon in 1783. This
is a ThinkQuest project site.
Hot Air Ballooning
Answers to questions about the sport of ballooning. You can learn alot about balloons
HOW IT WORKS:
in the Wind
Balloooning page by Tom Harris at How Stuff Works. Lots of COOKIES and
Sources in BOLD Type
page revised March, 2005.
Berners-Lee's invention has revolutionized the world like nothing
The invention of the Internet,
should be classed with the greatest events of the 20th Century.
The Aero Sport All-Terrain Bed
with Dual Power Pump is the perfect addition to any camping trip or weekend
book, is the perfect desktop reference for both the science novice and the
technologically advanced reader alike.
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