Fascinating facts about Tim Berners-Lee
inventor of the World Wide Web in 1991.
AT A GLANCE:
The World Wide Web (WWW) has revolutionized the
computer and communications world like nothing before. The invention of
the telegraph, telephone, radio, computer and Internet set the stage for
this unprecedented integration of capabilities. Invented by Tim
Berners-Lee in 1991, the Web has become a medium for collaboration and
interaction between individuals and their computers without regard to
DID YOU KNOW?
||June 8, 1955 in London,
hypertext document Retrieval system
designed to allow people to work together by combining their
knowledge in a web of hypertext documents. The Web consisted of URL,
HTTP and HTML.
||The Web is
considered to be an open source project.
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Berners-Lee graduated from the Queen's College at Oxford University, England, 1976. Whilst
there he built his first computer with a soldering iron, TTL gates, an M6800 processor and
an old television.
He spent two years with Plessey
Telecommunications Ltd (Poole, Dorset, UK) a major UK Telecom equipment
manufacturer, working on distributed transaction systems, message relays, and bar code
In 1978 Tim left Plessey to join D.G Nash Ltd (Ferndown, Dorset,
UK), where he wrote among other things typesetting software for intelligent printers, and
a multitasking operating system.
A year and a half spent as an independent consultant included a six
month stint (Jun-Dec 1980)as consultant software engineer at CERN, the European Particle
Physics Laboratory in Geneva, Switzerland. Whilst there, he wrote for his own private use
his first program for storing information including using random associations. Named
"Enquire", and never published, this program formed the conceptual basis for the
future development of the World Wide Web.
From 1981 until 1984, Tim worked at John Poole's Image Computer
Systems Ltd, with technical design responsibility. Work here included real time control
firmware, graphics and communications software, and a generic macro language. In 1984, he
took up a fellowship at CERN, to work on distributed real-time systems for scientific data
acquisition and system control. Among other things, he worked on FASTBUS system software
and designed a heterogeneous remote procedure call system.
In 1989, he proposed a global hypertext project, to be known as the
World Wide Web. Based on the earlier "Enquire" work, it was designed to allow
people to work together by combining their knowledge in a web of hypertext documents. He
wrote the first World Wide Web server, "httpd", and the first client,
"WorldWideWeb" a what-you-see-is-what-you-get hypertext browser/editor which ran
in the NeXTStep environment. This work was started in October 1990, and the program
"WorldWideWeb" first made available within CERN in December, and on the Internet
at large in the summer of 1991.
Through 1991 and 1993, Tim continued working on the design of the
Web, coordinating feedback from users across the Internet. His initial specifications of
URLs, HTTP and HTML were refined and discussed in larger circles as the Web technology
In 1994, Tim joined the Laboratory for Computer Science (LCS)at the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). In 1999, he became the first holder of the
3Com Founders chair. He is Director of the World Wide Web Consortium which coordinates Web
development worldwide, with teams at MIT, at INRIA in France, and at Keio University in
Japan. The Consortium takes as its goal to lead the Web to its full potential, ensuring
its stability through rapid evolution and revolutionary transformations of its usage.
the World Wide Web
The Great Idea Finder
Great Idea Finder
from The Great Idea Finder
ON THE BOOKSHELF:
the Web: The Original Design and Ultimate Destiny of the World Wide Web
by Tim Berners-Lee, Mark Fischetti (Contributor) /
Paperback: 246 pages / HarperBusiness; (2000)
Tim Berners-Lee is responsible for
one of that century's most important advancements: the world wide web.
Now, this low-profile genius-who never personally profitted from his
invention -offers a compelling protrait of his invention. He reveals the
Web's origins and the creation of the now ubiquitous http and www
acronyms and shares his views on such critical issues.
Spinning the Semantic Web: Bringing the World Wide Web to Its Full Potential
by Tim Berners-Lee, Dieter Fensel / Paperback: 503 pages / The
MIT Press; New Ed edition ( 2005)
As the World Wide Web continues to expand, it becomes increasingly difficult
for users to obtain information efficiently. Spinning the Semantic Web
describes an exciting new type of hierarchy and standardization that will
replace the current "web of links" with a "web of meaning." Using a flexible
set of languages and tools, the Semantic Web will make all available
information -- display elements, metadata, services, images, and especially
content -- accessible. The result will be an immense repository of
information accessible for a wide range of new applications.
by Janet Abbate / Paperback: 272 pages / MIT Press; 1st edition (July 31,
The story she unfolds is an often twisting tale of
collaboration and conflict among a remarkable variety of players,
including government and military agencies, computer scientists in
academia and industry, graduate students, telecommunications companies,
standards organizations, and network users.
Stay Up Late: The Origins of the Internet
by Katie Hafner, Matthew Lyon / Paperback: 304 pages / Touchstone Books,
Twenty five years ago, it didn't exist. Today, twenty
million people worldwide are surfing the Net. Where Wizards Stay Up Late
is the exciting story of the pioneers responsible for creating the most
talked about, most influential, and most far-reaching communications
breakthrough since the invention of the telephone.
From Memex to Hypertext: Vannevar Bush and the Mind's Machine
by James M. Nyce, Paul Kahn, Vannevar Bush / Hardcover - 367 pages / Academic Pr(January
Bush's Memex has been the prototype for
a machine to help people think. This book contains Bush's essays, and
original essays by academic and commerical researchers relating the
state of art in personal computing, hypertext and information retrieval
software to bush's ideas and Memex.
of the Web: 1,000 Days That Built the Future of Business
by Robert H. Reid / Paperback -
416 pages (March
1999) / John Wiley & Sons
The dynamic history of the Web's
creation and evolution—as well as its emergence as a dynamic business
tool—through revealing profiles of its architects, the brilliant minds
who have helped thrust the Web onto desktops and corporate agendas
around the world. Each chapter examines the Web's business development
through the story of some of its pioneers
ON THE WEB:
This is the official site for Tim Berners-Lee. Here you will find his biography,
slides from some talks, essays on web architecture, frequently asked questions, articles,
and more. Sponsored by the World Wide Web Consortium.
World Wide Web Consortium
Leading the Web to its Full Potential.
Invention Dimension - Inventor of the Week
Celebrates inventor/innovator role models through outreach activities and annual awards to
new generation of American scientists, engineers, and entrepreneurs. Featured Tim
Berners-Lee November, 1999 for his invention of the World Wide Web.
Greatest 100 Minds of the Century
If computer networking were a traditional science, Berners-Lee would win a Nobel
Prize," Novell CEO Eric Schmidt said in Time. when it deemed Berners-Lee one of the
greatest 100 minds of the century.
The European Particle Physics Laboratory in Geneva, Switzerland.
Geek of the Week: Tim Berners-Lee
WWW Design Decisions in
Tim Berners-Lee, December 95: MIT 6.001 Guest lecture
History of the Internet
Article by the pioneers for
the Web into Existing Extension and Educational Technology
by R. Daniel Lineberger, Department of Horticultural Sciences, Texas A&M University
Vinton G. Cerf
Interview Vinton Cerf "Father of the Internet" by Nick Wingfield Staff Writer,
DID YOU KNOW?
- August 2002 - www.google.com says there are at least
2,469,940,685 web pages
- April 2004 - www.google.com says there are at least
6,000,000,000 web pages
- April 2005 - Google - Searching
8,058,044,651 web pages
- The Uniform Resource Locator (URL),
which specifies how each page of information is given a unique
"address" at which it can be found.
- Hyper Text Transfer Protocol (HTTP),
which specifies how the browser and server send the information to
- Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML), a
method of encoding the information so it can be displayed on a
variety of devices.
trademarks and brands are the property of their respective owners.
Sources in BOLD Type.
Berners-Lee's invention has revolutionized the world like nothing
The invention of the Internet,
should be classed with the greatest events of the 20th Century.
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