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Fascinating facts about Joseph Glidden
inventor of barbed wire in 1873.

Joseph Glidden
AT A GLANCE:
The need for barbed wire arose in the 19th century as the American frontier moved westward into the Great Plains and traditional fence materialsówooden rails and stoneóbecame scarce and expensive. Of the many early types of barbed wire, the type invented in Illinois in 1873 by Joseph F. Glidden proved most popular.
STORY
RELATED INFO
 
Invention: barbed wire in 1873
Book Cover from Barbed Wire: A Political History (see below)
Function: noun / wire with clusters of sharp spikes at intervals along it.
Definition: Wire fencing constructed with sharp edges or points arranged at intervals along the strand(s). Barbed wire was the first wire technology capable of restraining cattle.
Patent: 157,124 (US) issued November 24, 1874
Inventor: Joseph Farwell Glidden
Joseph Glidden image courtesy The Antique Barbed Wire Society
Criteria: First practical. Modern prototype. Entrepreneur.
Birth: January 18, 1813 in Clarendon, New York.
Death: October 9, 1906 in Dekalb, Illinois
Nationality: American
Milestones:
1865 Louis Jannin of France.patents an unsuccessful pointed wire product.
1867 two inventors tried adding points to smooth wire but failed.
1868 Michael Kelly invented a practical wire with points which was used in quantity until 1874.
1872 Joseph Farwell Glidden files patent application for an improved wire fence
1873 Henry M. Rose exhibited a wooden rail with a series of sharp spikes protruding
1873 Joseph Glidden, Jacob Haish, and Isaac Ellwood have idea to improve upon Rose's fence
1874 Glidden sells Isaac Ellwood half interest in his barbed wire patent for $265.00.
1874 Glidden awarded a patent for his barbed wire fence invention.
1874 Glidden and Ellwood formed a partnership called the Barb Fence Company
1875 Glidden's invention set off a creative frenzy that produced over 570 barbed wire patents.
1876 Glidden sells the other half interest in his patent to Washburn and Moen Manufacturing Co. .
1877 Courts declare Glidden the "Father of Barbed Wire"
CAPs: Glidden, Joseph Farwell Glidden, Jacob Haish, Isaac Ellwood, Michael Kelly, Henry M. Rose, Barb Fence Company, John "Bet a Million" Gates, Louis Jannin, American Steel & Wire Company, SIPs: fence, barb wire, barbed wire, invention, history, inventor of, history of, who invented, invention of, fascinating facts.
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Invention of Barbed Wire   from The Great Idea Finder
 

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Reference Sources in BOLD Type. This page revised December 20,2006.
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