facts about Milton S. Hershey
inventor of the Hershey milk chocolate bar in
Milton S. Hershey
AT A GLANCE:
Ever since Milton Hershey introduced the Hershey milk chocolate bar
to the world in 1900, he never looked back. The
company, products, town and institutions that bear his name were well
positioned to continue and grow. The Hershey Chocolate Corporation has
evolved into Hershey Foods Corporation, a profitable company
encompassing a range of products found in homes throughout the world.
HOW IT WORKS
DID YOU KNOW?
||September 13, 1857 at Derry
||noun / chocolate bar named by its
||A bar of milk chocolate made by the
Hershey Chocolate Company.
(US) registered June 19, 1906
1876 starts a candy business in
Philadelphia, PA business fails after six years
1882 Hershey moves to Denver to learn the Caramel making business
1882 starts a candy business New York City, NY this business also fails
1890 starts a caramel business in Lancaster, PA, business is not only
good, its great
1893 visits World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago and learns about
1894 aware of the growing demand for chocolate, he started the Hershey
1900 sells his caramel company for $1 million, and devotes his
attention to making chocolate.
1900 finds the right formula of milk, sugar and cocoa that enabled him
to introduce the Hershery bar
1903 moves company to his birth town Derry Church, Pennsylvania and
builds his new factory
1906 the community he had established for the workers was renamed
1909 founded the Hershey Industrial School, a school for orphan boys.
1918 transferred ownership in the Hershey Chocolate Company to the
2004 Milton Hershey's mansion serves as the headquarters for Hershey
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inventor of, history of, who invented, invention of, fascinating
Raised in rural central
Pennsylvania, hampered by the lack of a formal education and nearly bankrupt
by the time he was 30, Milton S. Hershey went on to become not only one of
America’s wealthiest individuals, but also a successful entrepreneur whose
products are known the world over, a visionary builder of the town which
bears his name and a philanthropist whose open-hearted generosity continues
to touch the lives of thousands.
Following a four-year apprenticeship as a teenager to a Lancaster,
Pennsylvania, candy maker, Hershey in 1876 attempted to start his own candy
business in Philadelphia. Despite six years of hard work, it failed. So he
moved to Denver and found work with a confectioner who taught him how to
make caramels using fresh milk. He then started up a second candy business
in New York City. It also failed.
Hershey returned to Lancaster and
once again tried making a go of the caramel business. This time, it worked.
Soon, his Lancaster Caramel Company was shipping all over the U.S. and
Europe, employing 1400 people and turning him into one of the area’s leading
It was at the 1893 World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago that Hershey
first became fascinated with the art of chocolate making. While there, he
purchased some German machinery, had it shipped to Lancaster and began
producing chocolate coatings for his caramels. But aware of the growing
demand for chocolate itself, he soon started the Hershey Chocolate Company.
For years, he worked at perfecting a viable recipe for making milk chocolate -- a process which up to then had been kept a closely guarded secret by the
Swiss. Finally, through trial and error, he hit upon the right formula of
milk, sugar and cocoa that enabled him to realize his dream of mass
producing and distributing milk chocolate candy. What had once been a luxury
for the rich, was to become an enjoyment that anyone could afford...the Hershey bar.
With his Hershey Chocolate Company growing by leaps and bounds, Hershey
decided to sell his caramel company (for $1 million, an enormous sum in 1900!) and devote his attention to making chocolate.
Discovering a need to
expand his production capacity, he began looking around for a suitable place
to build a new factory. He found it in nearby Derry Township, where he had
been born. Convenient to the port cities that could provide cocoa beans and
sugar, surrounded by dairy farms and endowed with a hardworking populace,
the area seemed ideal. In 1903, he broke ground.
Hershey’s success was not simply a matter of luck. Having learned from his
past failures, he had become a shrewd and astute businessman. He believed,
along with the more forward-thinking industrialists of the age, that workers
who were treated fairly and who lived in a comfortable, pleasant environment
would be better workers.
Accordingly, he set upon building an infrastructure
to take care of the people who were employed by his company. He had plans
drawn up for a model community that included housing for executives and
ordinary workers alike, schools, churches, parks, recreational facilities
and a trolley system. Unlike other “company towns,” Hershey’s was not
intended to exploit its resident workers, but rather to provide for their
welfare. In 1906 the community he had established for the workers in
his new factory was renamed Hershey. As time went on, Hershey saw to it that the town added a community building, a department store, a convention
hall, an amusement park, a swimming pool, and schools. Lots of schools.
For the farm boy who never had much chance at education himself, providing
that opportunity for others was always an important priority. As early as 1909, Hershey and his wife Catherine established the Hershey Industrial
School, a school for orphan boys. Today named the Milton Hershey School, it
has since opened its doors to girls as well.
He also made sure that the town
of Hershey had the finest elementary and secondary schools possible. There
were even plans for a junior college. In 1918 and with no fanfare, Hershey
transferred the bulk of his considerable wealth, including his ownership in
the Hershey Chocolate Company and other enterprises, to the Hershey Trust to
be held for the Hershey Industrial School.
With the death of Milton Hershey in 1945, the company, town and institutions
that bear his name were well positioned to continue and grow. The Hershey
Chocolate Corporation has evolved into Hershey Foods Corporation, a
profitable company encompassing a range of products found in homes
throughout the world.
The town of Hershey, with its many attractions, has become a popular
destination for both vacationing tourists and business conventioneers. The
Milton Hershey School, along with Hershey’s other philanthropic endeavors,
have expanded and prospered, with the school housing and educating hundreds
of boys and girls. In a long and useful life, Milton S. Hershey proved
himself to be a courageous entrepreneur, a determined builder and a
from The Great Idea Finder
The Great Idea Finder
Invention of the Hershey Bar from The Great Idea Finder
History of Food and
from The Great Idea Finder
ON THE BOOKSHELF:
Milton S. Hershey (Limited availability)
by Katherine Binney Shippen, Paul A. W. Wallace / Paper - 40 pages / Random
This book is dedicated to the thousands of boys and now girls whom Milton
Hershey gave a fuller, happier life.
The Emperors of Chocolate: Inside the Secret World of Hershey and Mars
by Joël Glenn Brenner / Paperback: 384 pages / Broadway; 1st Broadw edition
(January 4, 2000)
The chocolate wars between industry giants Hershey and Mars are anything but
sweet. In The Emperors of Chocolate, Joel Glenn Brenner reveals the
bitter legal and marketing fights, palace intrigue, and personality clashes
that dominate Hershey and Mars--and the candy industry as a whole.
Chocolate by Hershey: A Story About Milton S. Hershey
by Betty Burford, Loren Chantland / Paperback: 64 pages / Carolrhoda Books
(November 1, 1994)
This biography is a well-rounded presentation that shows the successes and
difficulties of this entrepreneur's life. The black-and-white somewhat
grainy illustrations are reminiscent of photographs of the period. Average
fare about the life of a highly creative man.
Hershey: Ideal Community for Orphans
by John F. Halbleib / Paperback: 356 pages / Authorhouse (April 30, 2005)
A biography of the successful chocolate maker who built a town around his
factory with unique housing for his workers and a school for disadvantaged
by Mary Davidoff Houts, Pamela Whitenack / Paperback: 128 pages / Arcadia
Milton S. Hershey proved himself to be a courageous entrepreneur, a
determined builder and a compassionate humanitarian.
ON THE SCREEN:
Milton Hershey: The Chocolate King
DVD / 1 Volume Set / 50 Minutes / Biography / 71432 / Less than $25.00
Milton Hershey was born in a Pennsylvania farmhouse and completed only
the fourth grade before he was put to work as a printer's apprentice.
But by the age of 18, Milton had discovered his unique calling: He would
manufacture delicious, affordable confections.
ON THE WEB:
Milton S. Hershey: The Man & His Legacy
With the death of Milton Hershey in 1945, the company, town and
institutions that bear his name were well positioned to continue and grow.
Life of Milton S. Hershey
His deeds are his monument. His life is our inspiration. From Hershey, PA
Web site, the sweetest place on earth.
A leading snack food company and the largest North American manufacturer of
quality chocolate and non-chocolate confectionery products, with revenues of
over $4 billion and more than 13,000 employees worldwide.
Founded in 1909 by chocolate industrialist Milton S. Hershey and his wife
Catherine, Milton Hershey School offers a residential experience (pre-K
through 12) in a wholesome environment, provides a quality education, and a
wealth of enriching and exciting opportunities that lead to the social,
physical, emotional, intellectual, and spiritual development of a child.
The Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Milton Hershey’s generosity continued on even after his death. In 1963, the
Milton Hershey School Trust contributed $50 million and land to the
Pennsylvania State University for the establishment of a medical center.
A visit to the Park and Hershey's Chocolate World is the most fun a person
could ask for. Located in Hershey, PA " the sweetest place on earth".
Today, Milton Hershey's mansion serves as the headquarters for Hershey
Foods Corporation. And Hershey is still the home of the world's largest
chocolate and cocoa manufacturing plant.
WORDS OF WISDOM:
"Caramels are only a fad. Chocolate is a permanent thing." -
Milton Snavely Hershey
DID YOU KNOW?:
- Frequent family moves interrupted Milton
schooling and left him with a limited education. He only completed the
- Today, Milton Hershey's mansion serves as
the headquarters for Hershey Foods Corporation.
- Hershey, PA is the home of the world's
largest chocolate and cocoa manufacturing plant.
trademarks and brands are the property of their respective owners.
Reference Sources in BOLD Type.
This page revised September 28, 2006.
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