AT A GLANCE:
was a horse drawn farm implement invented by Cyrus Hall McCormick in
1831 to cut small grain crops. The mechanical reaper replaced the manual
cutting of the crop with scythes and sickles. Developed to cut down
wheat more quickly and more efficiently.
HOW IT WORKS
DID YOU KNOW?
||Cyrus Hall McCormick
||First to patent.
||Feb 15 1809 in
Rockbridge County, Virginia
||May 13 1884
Reaper in 1831.
drawn mechanical machine used for harvesting grain or other small
crops. Designed to cut down wheat much more quickly and more
June 21, 1834
1824 At the age of 15, he
invented a lightweight cradle for carting harvested grain
1831 Cyrus improves the reaper designed by his father Robert McCormick
1834 Patent issued to Cyrus McCormick as the inventor of the mechanical
1847 a factory is constructed in Chicago to produce 500 reapers for the
1859 Brothers Leander and William each receive one-fourth of the Cyrus
McCormick & Brothers Co.
1884 the “McCormick Harvesting Machine Co” sold 54,841 machines
1902 McCormick Harvesting Machine Co. and others join to form
International Harvester Company
1915 International Harvester markets its first combined harvester
1985 Harvester' s farm business is purchased placed under the control of
“Tenneco’s” Case division.
1985 The remainder of International Harvester reorganized; its
new name is Navistar International
CAPS: McCormick, Curus McCormick, Reaper, ARY, reaper, mechnical reaper,
mccormick reaper, SIP, history, Invention, facts,
inventor of, history of, who invented, invention of, fascinating
Invention of the Reaper
from The Great Idea Finder
Agricultural History from The Great Idea
ON THE BOOKSHELF:
1000 Inventions & Discoveries
by Roger Bridgman / Hardcover: 256 pages / Dorling Kindersley
Fascinating stories and vivid photographs and illustrations tell the tales
of the developments in technology and natural science that have shaped our
world. Profiles of the famous (and not-so-famous) men and women who have had
"Eureka!" moments, a running timeline which puts the inventions and
discoveries in historical context.
The History of Science and Technology
by Bryan Bunch, Alexander Hellemans / Hardcover: 768 pages / Houghton Mifflin Company; (2004)
Highly browsable yet richly detailed, expertly researched and indexed,
The History of Science and Technology is the perfect desktop reference
for both the science novice and the technologically advanced reader
Vintage International Harvester Tractors
by Ralph W. Sanders / Paperback: 160 pages /Voyageur Press (MN) (April 1,
In this tribute, abundant illustrations accompany the text in celebration of
the Farmall and other International Harvester tractors.: The Ultimate
Tribute to International Harvester, Farmall, and McCormick-Deering Tractors
Technology in America - 2nd Edition: A History of Individuals and Ideas
by Carroll W. Pursell (Editor) / Paperback: 331 pages / The MIT Press; 2nd
edition (April 12, 1990)
The succinct, nontechnical essays in Technology in America cover the history
of American invention from Thomas Jefferson's founding of the Patent Office
to Robert Goddards space-age rockets.
150 Years Of International Harvester: Classic American Tractors
by C.H. Wendel / Paperback: 416 pages / Krause Publications (August 5, 2004)
Now readers can explore the history of International Harvester and the
tractors they produced, all in this comprehensive reference! This incredible
photo-encyclopedia provides comprehensive coverage of one of the most
famous names in agricultural manufacturing.
The McCormick Reaper Legend (Limited availability)
by Norbert Lyons / Unknown Binding: 217 pages / Exposition Press; [1st ed.]
The true story of a great invention
ON THE SCREEN:
DVD / 1 Volume Set / 50 Minutes / History Channel / Less than $25.00
It is the industry that feeds the world, an industry so efficient that, in
America at least, it is possible never to think about it. But behind your
fully-stocked local market stands an extraordinarily sophisticated network
that has revolutionized every step from seed to shelf.
DVD / 1 Volume Set / 50 Minutes / History Channel / 73189 / Less than $25.00
Cutting, digging, picking, stripping, shaking and raking--whatever the
crop, there's a custom machine to harvest it. It all began with hand
picking, but today it's often one man and one machine harvesting
hundreds of acres in a matter of hours.
ON THE WEB:
McCormick Company Tineline
Extensive chrology of the evolution of the McCormick brand from 1809 to the
Wisconsin Historical Society Collection
The McCormick-International Harvester Company Collection contains documents,
publications, photographs and films related to Cyrus Hall McCormick and the
International Harvester Company. The collection includes over twelve million
pages or items dating from 1753 to 1985
What made the reaper a success was the demonstrations and its good quality.
Because McCormick was concerned with quality, he was an innovator. Even
today, more than 160 years later, farming machinery for cutting wheat is
similar to what he invented back in the 1830s. Article by Patricsa Wong,
Mark Sheridan Academy, Chicago for the Northern Illinois University
The McCormick Family and their Mechanical Reaper
Though it has become common knowledge that Cyrus H. McCormick invented and
manufactured the reaper, it may have actually been his father's genius as a
simple inventor that led to the family's riches and renown. Presented by the
University of Virginia
Department of Astronomy.
McCormick Theological Seminary
Cyrus H. McCormick, industrialist and zealous Presbyterian layman, played a
key role in moving the Seminary to his city. From 1859 until well into the
twentieth century, he, his wife Nettie, and their heirs were to be the
school’s financial mainstay, providing buildings, endowing professorships,
and paying the annual operating deficit. Shortly after McCormick’s death in
1884, the school was renamed McCormick Theological Seminary.
Grain Harvesting History
Information obtained from McCormick Reaper Centennial Source Material
(International Harvester Company: Chicago) 1931. Numerous photos of the
A Distinguished Virginian who has Contributed to World Progress
McCormick may well be termed a pioneer in what today is known as installment
selling. He had faith in his product. He was willing to sell on a small cash
payment. He felt absolutely confident that the product sold would, as a
result of its merits, yield a return that would provide for the future
payments. A speech made by the Honorable E. Lee Trinkle, Former Governor of
Virginia in 1931.
Official Web site for the company that owns McCormick's reaper.
Dimension - Inventor of the Week
Celebrates inventor/innovator role models through outreach activities and annual
awards to inspire a new generation of American scientists, engineers, and entrepreneurs.
HOW IT WORKS:
McCormick used seven fundamental principles in
the reaper he invented. A divider separated the wheat so it could be cut.
The reel pushed the wheat towards the knife and then pushed the cut wheat
onto the platform. A straight reciprocating knife cut the wheat. Fingers
held the wheat while it was cut. The platform held the cut wheat. The main
wheel and gears drove all the moving parts of the reaper. The front-side
draft traction provided the reaper a firm grip on the ground.
DID YOU KNOW?:
- In 1831, 90% of the US population was
involved in farming; today, only 2% of the population produces more food
than the country can consume.
- In June, 1834 Cyrus had been granted
a patent for a cast and wrought iron plough. “The Patent Hill Side Plow”
enjoyed a good reputation in the valley of Virginia at the time.
- Cyrus McCormick's father invented numerous
labor-saving devices for agricultural use, but after repeated efforts, had
failed in his attempts to construct a successful grain cutting and binding
- The McComick company was the fist
manufacturer to offer a written warranty.
- Cyrus McCormick edited the Chicago Times
until 1861, when he sold the paper to Wilbur F. Storey.
- Cyrus McCormick, is often refered to as
the "Father of Modern Agriculture".