Fascinating facts about Alan Turing
inventor of the Turing machine in 1940. 
Alan Turing 
Inventor: 
Alan Mathison Turing 

Criteria: 
Modern
prototype.First practical. 
Birth: 
June 23,
1912 in London, England 
Death: 
June 7,
1954 in Wilmslow, Cheshire, England 
Nationality: 
British 

Alan Mathison Turing, British mathematician, who pioneered in computer theory.
He was born in London and educated at Cambridge and Princeton universities. In
1936, while he was still a graduate student, Turing published a paper called "On
Computable Numbers," which introduced the concept of a theoretical computing device
now known as a Turing machine. The concept of this machine, which could
theoretically perform any mathematical calculation, was important in the development of
the digital computer. Turing also extended his mathematical work to the study of
artificial intelligence and biological forms. He proposed a method called the Turing
test, to determine whether machines could have the ability to think. During World
War II, Turing worked as a cryptographer for the British Foreign Office. In 1951
Turing was named a Fellow of the Royal Society and in 1952 he began to publish his work on
the mathematical aspects of pattern and form development in living organisms. He
apparently committed suicide in 1954 , probably in reaction to medical treatments he was
forced to receive in order to "cure" him of homosexuality. 
TO LEARN MORE
RELATED INFORMATION:
History
of Computing from
The Great Idea Finder
Invention of the Computer from The Great Idea Finder
ON THE BOOKSHELF:
Alan Turing: The
Enigma
by Andrew Hodges, Douglas Hofstadter (Preface) / Paperback  608 pages
(2000) / Walker & Co
A pure mathematician from a tradition that prided itself on its impracticality,
Turing laid the foundations for modern computer science.
The Universal Computer: The Road from Leibniz to Turing
by Martin Davis / Hardcover: 256 pages / W.W. Norton & Company (October,
2000)
Computers are essentially engines of logic. Their hardware and software
embody concepts developed over centuries by logicians such as Leibniz,
Boole, and Godel, culminating in the amazing insights of Alan Turing.
Turing and the Computer (The Big Idea)
by Paul Strathern / Paperback  105 pages (April 20, 1999) / Anchor Books
Few people in the history of computing are as intellectually and personally complex
as Alan Turing, the man whose brilliant mathematical imagination laid the foundation for
computers as we know them.
ON THE SCREEN:
The Creation of the Computer
DVD / 1 Volume Set / 50 Minutes / History Channel / 73090 / Less than $25.00
Trace the technological advancements that led to the first true modern
"computers" and the rapid progress that saw computers shrink from
roomsized monsters to the desktop units that are revolutionizing life
in the '90s.
ON THE WEB:
Turing, Alan
Alan Turing: a biography by Andrew Hodges
(URL:
www.turing.org.uk/bio/index.html)
Alan
Turing (19121954)
In 1936 Turing published a seminal paper, "On Computable Numbers" , in which he
conceived a remarkably simple, but powerful abstract device for performing all possible
computations.
(URL: www.exploratorium.edu/complexity/CompLexicon/Turing.html)
Alan Turing
We need a simple, formal, sufficiently powerful model for
computation.The standard model is the Turing machine. Modeling
Algorithms.
(URL:: ei.cs.vt.edu/~history/Turing.html)
The Alan Turing Internet Scrapbook
"BREAKING THE CODE" by Hugh Whitemore,
Alan Turing on Stage and Screen
(URL: www.turing.org.uk/turing/scrapbook/btc.html)
Pioneers
of Computing
An extensive list of computer pioneers, provided by the Virtual Computer Museum.
(URL: vmoc.museophile.sbu.ac.uk/pioneers/)
Biography of Turing
Turing was a founding father of modern cognitive science and a leading
early exponent of the hypothesis that the human brain is in large part a
digital computing machine, theorising that the cortex at birth is an
'unorganised machine' which through 'training' becomes organised 'into a
universal machine or something like it'. Article by Jack Copeland.
(URL: www.cs.usfca.edu/www.AlanTuring.net/turing_archive/index.html)

Reference
Sources in BOLD Type 
This
page revised
on October 23, 2006. 



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