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Fascinating facts about Joseph Jacquard inventor of the Jacquard Loom in 1801. Joseph Jacquard
AT A GLANCE:
In 1801, Joseph Marie Jacquard, a silk-weaver, invented an improved textile loom. The Jacquard loom was the first machine to use punched card. These punched cards controlled the weaving, enabling an ordinary workman to produce the most beautiful patterns in a style previously accomplished only with patience, skill, and hard work.
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Inventor: Joseph Marie Jacquard
Criteria: First to invent. First practical. Entrepreneur.
Birth: July 7, 1752 in Lyon, France
Death: August 7, 1834 in Oullins, France
Nationality: French
Invention: Jacquard Loom
Function: noun /  a weaving loom named after its inventor
Definition: Jacquard's loom mechanism is controlled by recorded patterns of holes in a string of cards, and allows, what is now known as, the Jacquard weaving of intricate patterns.
Patent: The French government claimed the loom to be public property.
Milestones:
CAPS: Jaquard, Joseph Marie Jacquard,  ARY,  loom, Jacquard, loom, weaving, computer, SIP, history, biography, inventor, invention, story, facts.
In 1801, Joseph Marie Jacquard, a silk-weaver, invented an impeoved textile loom. The Jacquard loom was the first machine to use punced card. These puched cards controlled the weaving, enabled an ordinary workman to produce the most beautiful patterns in a style previously accomplished only with patience, skill, and hard work. But though Napoleon rewarded him with a small pension and the Légion d'Honneur, the silk weavers were long opposed to his machine. At his death his machine was in almost universal use, and his punched card system was adopted in the 20th-century as a control and data input system for many office machines and early digital computers.

He presented his invention in Paris in 1804, and was awarded a medal and patent for his design, however the French government claimed the loom to then be public property, giving Jacquard a slight royalty and a small pension.

TO LEARN MORE

RELATED INFORMATION:
Invention of the Jacquard Loom   from The Great Idea Finder
History of Computing   from The Great Idea Finder
Apparel History   from The Great Idea Finder

ON THE BOOKSHELF:
Jacquard's Web: How A Hand-Loom Led To The Birth Of The Information Age
by James Essinger / Hardcover: 302 pages / Oxford University Press (October 30, 2004)
ISBN: 0192805770 In Jacquard's Web, James Essinger tells the story of some of the most brilliant inventors the world has ever known, in this fascinating account of how a hand-loom invented in Napoleonic France led to the development of the modern information age.
Computer Science: An Overview
by J. Glenn Brookshear (Preface) / Paperback - 609 pages 6th edition (1999) / Addison-Wesley Pub.
The sixth edition of this classic text for the breadth-first computer science course has
been thoroughly updated to discuss increasingly important trends such as networking,
object-oriented programming, and genetic algorithms.
Schaum's Outline of Computer Architecture
by  Nicholas, Ph.D. Carter / Paperback - 306 pages 1st edition (December 26, 2001) / McGraw-Hill
An ideal educational resource for the more than 70,000 undergraduate and
graduate students who, each year, enroll in computer architecture and related courses

Go To
by Steve Lohr / Hardcover - 275 pages 1st edition (October 16, 2001) / Basic Books
The Story of the Math Majors, Bridge Players, Engineers, Chess Wizards, Scientists and Iconoclasts who were the Hero Programmers of the Software Revolution. Exploring the strange and hazy days before nerds ruled the earth.


ON THE WEB:.
Jacquard's Punched Card
Story prsented by University of San Diego with photos from the Smithsonian exhibit.
(URL: history.acusd.edu/gen/recording/jacquard1.html)
Mechanical Aids to Computation and the Development of Algorithms
by Dunne,Dr. Paul E. Department of Computer Science at Liverpool University
(URL: www.csc.liv.ac.uk/~ped/teachadmin/histsci/htmlform/slides.html)

Punched Card Loom
In France, Joseph-Marie Jacquard invented an automatic loom using punched cards for the control of the patterns in the fabrics. From the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, Inc.(1996).The Computer Society:
(URL: www.computer.org/50/history/1801.htm)
Biography of Joseph Marie Jacquard
His first invention was a loom for the weaving of nets, which he was led to make by reading in an English newspaper that a prize had been offered by the Society of Arts for such a machine. Jacquard made no attempt to obtain the prize, but the fact of his invention became known.
(URL: www.sacklunch.net/biography/J/JosephMarieJacquard_1.html)

Joseph Marie Jacquard at ThinkQuest
Teams of students and teachers are challenged to build websites on educational topics. These websites are published in the popular ThinkQuest Library and top-scoring teams win valuable prizes.
(URL: library.thinkquest.org/C0126120/jacquard.htm)
 

Reference Sources in BOLD Type. This page revised October 11, 2006.
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